Second Corinthians was actually the forth letter Paul sent to the Church of God in Corinth and to all of God’s people everywhere in southern Greece ( Achaia). (1:1–2). With reference to verse 3 in Chapter 2 we would know that Paul had written the third letter before this one was dispatched, but apparently the letter was also lost like the first one.
Paul’s original plan was to visit Corinth after going through Macedonia and stayed for the winter as recorded in 1 Corinthians 16: 5–9. But circumstances did not allow him to do so. Then Paul modified his plan to first visit Corinth before going to Macedonia and visited again on his return from Macedonia (1:16). Paul wished to go to Jerusalem after collecting the gifts from the Corinth Church. Somehow Paul was further delayed in his visit. He then moved on to Macedonia, Troas and Asia (Acts 20: 1–3 and 2 Corinthians 2: 12– 13). There were no details about Paul’s trip in Asia recorded in the Bible. But Paul’s sufferings in Asia were of a very serious nature (2 Corinthians 1: 4 – 11). Titus came and reported about the longings of the Corinthians for Paul and their deep sorrow led to their repentance. Paul was grateful for their prayers and praised God, the Lord Jesus Christ, who comforted the believers in Corinth in their troubles. Paul was as a result comforted and had joy greater than ever. (2 Corinthians 7: 5 –7).
Under these circumstances Paul wrote this letter (2 Corinthians) to express joy over the encouraging news of how his first epistle (i.e., 1 Corinthians) had been received.
The delay of visiting Corinth had sparked off some misgivings among some believers. They thought that Paul would not keep his promise to come as planned. Paul’s position and integrity were challenged (10:2). Some challenged Paul’s relationship with Christ (10:7). And some doubted Paul’s motive and even denied his apostleship. (1–3).
Paul took the opportunity in this letter to defend his apostleship. Paul tells us some things that happened in his life that are revealed only in this letter. For instance: His escape from Damascus in a basket (11:32–33) ; His experience of being caught up to the third heaven (12:1–4); His thorn in the flesh (12:7) and His unusual suffering (11: 23–27).
First Corinthians was written in the spring of 55 AD. The Second Corinthians could have been written within the same year in winter when Paul was in Philippi, Macedonia.(7: 5–7).
2. The God of all Comfort –Chapter 1(1 –11)
Paul started off his letter with greetings and began to tell us about the God of all comfort –the Father of compassion. What do we learn from God’s comfort?
- God comforts us in our troubles so that we can comfort those in any trouble with the comfort we ourselves have received from God. (1:4.)
- Comfort is a function of suffering. As the sufferings of Christ flow over into our lives, so also through Christ our comfort overflows to others.. (1:5)
- The reciprocal effect of comfort is the ability to comfort others for the experience of comfort having received from God. (1:4)
- The spiritual truth is: If we are distressed it is for your comfort and salvation; if we are comforted, it is for your comfort. (1:6)
- The effect of your comfort produces the patient endurance of the same sufferings we suffer. (1:6)
- Paul’s testimony that they suffered the hardship in the province of Asia far beyond their ability to endure enabling them to rely on God, on whom they had set their hope that he would continue to deliver them. We should have the same hope on our Jesus Christ for our deliverance. (1:8–10)
- The secret to receive comfort from God is through prayers and praying for others. (1:11)
3. Paul’s change of Plans — Chapter 1(12 – 24)
- Paul’s first consideration was the benefit of the believers. “I planned to visit you first so that you might benefit twice.” (1:15).”I call God as my witness that it was in order to spare you that I did not return to Corinth.” (1:23) But some believers in Corinth started to doubt about Paul’s integrity. He explained that his plan was not made lightly in a worldly manner. Did Paul just say, “Yes, yes” and “No, no.” in the same breath? (1:17)
- Paul’s relationship with the believers in Corinth was holy and sincere–not according to the worldly wisdom but according to the grace of God. (1:12)
- The preaching of the Gospel among the Corinthians by Paul, Silas and Timothy was faithful message and Paul could call God as his witness. Their message was not “Yes” and “No.” In God, it is always “Yes.”(1:18–19, 23)
- “For no matter how many promises God has made, they are ‘Yes’ in Christ and so through him the ‘Amen’ …to the glory of God. “(1:20)
- “Now it is God who makes both us and you stand firm in Christ. He anointed us, set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.” (1:21–22)
4. The Practice of Love –Chapter 2(1 – 17)
- “So I make up my mind that I would not make another painful visit to you.” (2:1) Paul’s wish was to only benefit others.
- Be able to share the joy of others. (2:3)
- Be able to share the grief of others in the depth of love. (2:4)
- If any one has caused grief to others, to some extent, it should not be put too severely. (2:5)
- Instead we ought to forgive and comfort others so that they would not be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow. (2:7)
- Reaffirm love for others. (2:8)
Paul’s Testimony of Victory
- “… God … leads us in triumphal procession in Christ and through us spreads everywhere the fragrance of the knowledge of him.” (2:14)
- If God opens the door for the spread of Gospel of Christ, no one can close it. Paul went to preach the Gospel of Christ in Troas. (2:12)
- “For we are to God the aroma of Christ among those who are being saved and those who are perishing. To the one we are the smell of death; to the other, the fragrance of life.” (2:15–16)
- “… We do not peddle the word of God for profit…. In Christ we speak before God with sincerity, like men sent from God.” (2:17)
5. The Work of the living Spirit — Chapter 3(1 – 18)
- The lives of true Christians at Corinth served as letter to recommend both Paul and Christ the Lord. Christians’ lives are open books that are read by many in the world though they may not read the Bible. The letter is written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God–not on tablets of stone (i.e., Old Testament) but on tablets of human hearts. (i.e., New Testament) (3:2–3)
- “[Jesus] has made us competent as ministers of a new covenant–not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.” (3:6)
- We cannot live up to the requirements under the Old Testament, but in the grace of the Holy Spirit in the New Testament in which we are saved.
- “Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.” (3:17) Unfortunately, the Israelites have the same veil that prevents them believing in the New Testament and that veil can only be removed by the Holy Spirit in Christ. (3:13–16)
- We Christians are being transformed into the likeness of Jesus Christ with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Holy Spirit. (3:18)
6. Treasures in the Jars of Clay — Chapter 4(1 – 18)
- Do not lose heart in the ministry, which is through God’ mercy. (4:1)
- Do not use deception. Do not distort the word of God. (4:2)
- Set forth the truth plainly. Recommend us to every man’s conscience in the sight of God. (4:2)
- Do not preach us, but Jesus Christ as Lord, and we as servants for Jesus’ sake. (4: 5)
- The all-surpassing power of the Gospel is from God and not from us. (4:7) “We are hard pressed on every side, but not crushed; perplexed, but not in despair; persecuted, but not abandoned; struck, but not destroyed.” (4:8–9)
- Be prepared to die for the sake of Jesus so that His life may be revealed on our mortal body. (4:10–11)
- We believe that the one who raised the Lord Jesus from the dead will also raise us with Jesus. (4:14)
“Therefore we do not lose heart. Though outwardly we are wasting away, yet inwardly we are being renewed day by day.” (4:16) “So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on the unseen. For what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.” (4:18)
7 Our Heavenly Dwelling– Chapter 5 (1 – 10)
- We live as though in a tent on earth as compared to the building from God in heaven–an eternal house in heaven not built by human hands. (5:1) If we understand this truth, we would not cherish anything in this world that does not last.
- While we are in this world i.e., living in this tent, we groan and are burdened. (5: 4)
- [But God] “has given us the Spirit as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.” (5:5)
- “We live by faith, not by sight. (5:7)
- “As long as we are at home in the body we are away from the Lord.” (5:6)
- “We are confident … and would prefer to be away from the body and at home with the Lord.” (5:8)
- Our ultimate goal while living in the tent is to please God because “we must all appear before the judgement seat of Christ, that each one may receive what is due him for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.” (5:10)
8. The Ministry of Reconciliation (Chapter 5: 11 – 21)
- Since we know that all must at the end receive our due judgement in front of Christ, we would persuade people to fear God and spread the Gospel. (5:11)
- “Christ’s love compels us, because … one died for all, and therefore all died.” (5:14) We no longer live for ourselves but for him who died for us “and was raised again.” (5:15)
- “If anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come! All is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation.” (5:17–18)
- “We are therefore Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were making his appeal through us”….[ to persuade you to] “be reconciled to God.” (5:20)
- Jesus Christ who had no sin had been made to be sin for us, “so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” (5:21)
9. Perfecting Holiness out of reference from God (Chapter 6:1 – 13)
- “Not to receive God’s grace in vain.” (6:1) We should work as God’s fellow workers.
- “… As servants of God we commend ourselves in every way (6:4.) so that our ministry will not be discredited. (6:3)
- As God’s servant, Paul had endured “troubles, hardships and distresses, beatings, imprisonments and riots, hard work, sleepless nights and hunger.” (6:5)
- As God’s servant Paul had commended “in purity, understanding, patience and kindness; in the Holy Spirit and in sincere love; in truthful speech and in the power of God… through glory and dishonor, bad report and good report; genuine, yet regarded as impostors; known yet regarded as unknown; dying and yet we live on; beaten, and yet not killed; sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; poor, yet making many rich; having nothing, and yet possessing everything.” (6:6–10)
- Paul spoke freely and with an open heart to the Corinthians–not withholding his affection and asked them to reciprocate in the same way. (6:11–13)
Do Not Be Yoked With Unbelievers (Chapter 6: 14 –18)
- “Do not be yoked together with unbelievers…What do righteousness and wickedness have in common? What fellowship can light have with darkness?”(6:14)
- “What harmony is there between Christ and Belial (Satan)? What does a believer have in common with an unbeliever?” (6:15)
- “What agreement is there between the temple of God and idols?” (6:16) God wants us to live a life separate from the unbelievers. (6:17)
10 Paul’s Joy –Chapter 7(1 – 16)
God comforts the downcast. When Paul came into Macedonia, he was facing every difficulty; they were harassed at every turn. Then God comforted Paul for Titus came bringing the good news that the Corinthians repented because of Paul’s previous letters that although had brought them deep sorrow, yet their repentance led them to salvation (7: 5-9). Paul was so encouraged and comforted. (7:13)
- What godly sorrow has produced among the Corinthians?
- What earnestness?
- What eagerness to clear themselves?
- What indignation?
- What alarm?
- What longing?
- What concern?
- What readiness to see justice done? (7:10–11)
Paul said, “I am glad I can have complete confidence in you.” (7:16). This reflected the full confidence of Paul in the spiritual maturity of the Corinthian believers who had repented in deep sorrow before God.
. 11. Generosity Encouraged — Chapter 8(1 – 15)
For the encouragement of the Corinthian believers, Paul cited the good example of the Macedonian churches in their generosity in the grace of God:
- Out of the most severe trial, they had overflowing joy. (8:2)
- Out of extreme poverty, they welled up in rich generosity. (8:2)
- Entirely on their own, they gave as much as they were able and even beyond their ability. (8:3)
- They urgently pleaded with Paul for sharing the service to the saints. (8:4).
- They first gave themselves to God and then gave to the saints in keeping with God’s will. (8:5)
Then, Paul advised the Corinthian believers as follows:
- Bring to completion the act of grace that Titus had began earlier. (8:6).
- Paul wanted to test the sincerity of their love by comparing it with the earnestness of others. (8:8)
- Because of the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, who though was rich, yet he became poor so that through his poverty we might become rich. (Jesus Christ has died for us so that we may live.). (8:9)
- Willingness to give is according to what one has, not according to what one does not have. (8:12)
- Christians should not be hard pressed, but those who have supply should help the need of those who may not have; this is the principle of equality. (8:13-14).
- “He who gathered much did not have too much, and he who gathered little did not have too little.” (8:15; Exodus 16:18.).
Titus sent to Corinth–Chapter 8 (16 – 24)
Titus and two anonymous brothers were sent to Corinth to help them to complete the collection of gifts.
- Titus had the same concern as Paul had. (8:16)
- Titus was enthusiastic and acted on his own initiative. (8:17)
- Titus was accompanied by a brother (whose name was not mentioned) who was praised by all the churches for his service to the Gospel. (8:18)
- Titus was also accompanied by another brother (whose name was also not mentioned) who had often proved in many ways zealous; this brother had great confidence in the Corinthians. (8:22)
Titus was Paul’s partner and fellow worker among the Corinthians. The two brothers were representatives of the churches. Their service was an honour to Christ. Paul then asked the Corinthians to show these men the proof of their love and the reason for their pride in the eyes of the churches. (8:23–24)
12 Service to the saints – Chapter 9(1 – 15)
Paul in this Chapter talked about the generous gifts the church of Corinth had promised and the purpose of sending brothers to them to visit them in advance to finish the arrangement so that his boasting about it to the Macedonians “should not proved hollow” (9:3) However, the principles applicable to gifts are equally applicable to our offerings to God.
- “Whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly.” (9:6)
- “Whoever sows generously will also reap generously.” (9:6)
- “Each man should give what he has decided in his heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion…” (9:7)
- “God loves a cheerful giver.” (9:7)
- “God is able to make all grace abound you, so that in all things at all times, having all that you need, you will abound in every good work.” (9:8)
- “He has scattered abroad his gifts to the poor; his righteousness endures forever.” (9:8; Psalm 112:9)
- “He who supplies seed to the sewer and bread for the poor will also supply and increases your store of seed and will enlarge the harvest of your righteousness.” (9:10)
- “You will be made rich in every way so that you can be generous on every occasion, … and…your generosity will result in thanksgiving to God.” (9: 11)
- “Because of the service by which you have proved yourselves, men will praise God for the obedience that accompanies your confession of the gospel of Christ …” (9:13)
- Give thanks to God for His surpassing grace and indescribable gift. (9:14–15)
13 Paul’s Defence of His Ministry — Chapter 10 (1 – 18)
From Chapter 10 until the end of this Book, Paul defended his apostleship. In his letters to the church of Corinth, Paul appeared to be very serious and bold but when face to face with them, he looked timid–unimpressive. His speaking amounted to nothing. Some people in the church of Corinth thought Paul lived by the standard of the world; he didn’t practise what he taught. But Paul pointed out that although they lived in the world, they did not conform to the world. “The weapons we fight with are not the weapons of the world. “(10:4) Paul said. “… They have divine power to demolish strongholds. We demolish arguments and every pretension that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and we take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ.” (10:.4–5)
Paul challenged his critics who compared themselves with themselves. “When they measure themselves by themselves and compare themselves with themselves, they are not wise.” (10:12) We all have a tendency to take a wrong standard for measuring character. We compare ourselves among ourselves. We incline to conclude that we are good, or above the average or not worse than any person. But this is not the biblical requirement. We should always pray, “Lord, make us extraordinary in Christ; make us extraordinary Christians!”
Paul would not like boasting about things, but he was forced to do so. Nevertheless, Paul said, “let him who boasts boast in the Lord. For it is not the one who commends himself who is approved, but the one whom the Lord commends.” (10:17)
And Paul would confine the boasting according to the standard of measurement that God has assigned them. (10:13)
Paul preached the Gospel of Christ to the church of Corinth and hoped as their faith continued to grow, the area of activities would expand and they could spread the Gospel to the region beyond them. (10:15–16)
14. Paul and the False Apostle – Chapters 11 (1 – 15)
Paul defended himself as a true apostle against the teaching of the false apostle. He was so earnest in his writing that he ironically said, “I hope you will put up with a little of my foolishness…” Of course, Paul pointed this directly towards the Corinthians who put up easily enough with the false teaching brought to them by the false apostles, who often used the names of the “super-apostles” (i.e., the 12 apostles in Jerusalem) to undermined the position of Paul (11:1, 5)
What were the differences between the teaching of the true and the false apostles?
- Paul’s jealousy for the Corinthians was godly not worldly for he promised them to one husband (Christ) and they were presented to God as pure virgins. (11:2)
- Paul was worried that the Corinthians were misled from their sincere and pure devotion to Christ just as Eve was deceived by the servant’s cunning. (11:3)
- The false apostle preached a different Jesus, a different spirit and a differentGgospel. (11:4)
- Paul admitted that he was not a trained speaker, but he had knowledge. (11:6)
- Paul preached the Gospel of God to the Corinthians free of charge. He received support from the churches in Macedonia (Philippians 4:15–16) By so serving the Corinthians, Paul could boast about that he was unlike the false apostles. (11:7-12)
- But the false apostles were deceitful masquerading as apostles of Christ. Similarly Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. (11:14-15)
15. Paul Boasts About His Sufferings (Chapter 11:16-33)
In the same ironic tone Paul continued to write. He asked them not to treat him as a fool, but if they did, then just received him as they would as a fool, so that he would do a little boasting of his suffering for the Gospel of Christ. Paul accused the Corinthians for putting up with fools (the false apostles) that enslaved them or exploited them or took advantage of them or pushed them forward or slapped them in the face. (11:16-20)
Paul’s suffering: (11:23)
- Worked much harder.
- Been in prison more frequently.
- Been flogged more severely.
- Been exposed to death again and again.
- Received five times from the Jews the forty flashes minus one. (Deuteronomy 25: 1-3)
- Three times beaten with rods, once stoned, three times shipwrecked, spent a night and a day in the open sea. (11:25)
- Been constantly on the move, been in danger from rivers, in danger from bandits, in danger from his own countrymen, in danger from Gentiles, in danger in the city, in danger in the country, in danger at sea and in danger from false brothers. (11:26)
- Had laboured and toiled, had often gone without sleep, had known hunger and thirst, had often gone without food, had been cold and naked. (11:27)
- Faced daily the pressure of his concern for all the churches. (11:28).
- When someone was weak, he would feel weak, (11:29)
- When someone was led into sin, his heart burnt. (11:29)
- In Damascus the governor guarded the city to arrest him, but Paul was lowered in a basket from the window in the wall and escaped. (11:32-33)
16. Paul’s Vision and His Thorn (Chapter 12: 1 –10)
Paul said, “I must go on boasting….” And said, “…If I choose to boast, I would not be a fool…”. Paul was speaking the truth; but he refrained so that no one would think more of him than was warranted by what he did or saw.
Paul was caught up into the third heaven – the paradise. (Paul purposely described in the experience of a third person to avoid the effect of boasting.) The visions and revelations from the Lord were only for Paul and he heard things that could not be put into speech.
Because of these surpassing heavenly experience, Paul said, “…There was given me a thorn of flesh, a messenger of Satan, to torment me.” We may wonder why God did not remove the “thorn” though Paul prayed three times to God to remove it. In this case, God’s answer to Paul was “No.” God then said, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” (Sometimes, God’s answer to our prayers is “No.” for He knows it will be better for us to bear the “thorn” that could mean any kind of suffering in the flesh than be without it.) Sometimes a “thorn” is a warning to keep us from sin and failure and make us lean on Christ to comply with His plan of salvation.
Paul finally declared: “Therefore I will boast all the more gladly about my weakness, so that Christ’s power may rest on me. That is why, for Christ’s sake, I delight in weaknesses, in insults, in hardships, in persecutions, in difficulties. For when I am weak, then I am strong.”
Paul’s Concern for the Corinthians (Chapters 12: 11 – 21)
“If I love you more, will you love me less?” (12:15.) This is Paul’s attitude towards the Corinthians. That is why he said that what he wanted was not possessions for he did not want to burden them. (12:14.). Paul was ready to visit the Corinthians for the third time and he would not be a burden to them. What was the main concern of Paul in respect of this third visit?
Everything Paul did for the Corinthians was for their strengthening. (12:19.). In Christ Jesus, Paul had become their father through the Gospel. (1 Corinthians 4:15). As parents, Paul would be prepared to spend for everything he had and expend himself as well. (12: 15.).
17. Final Warnings (Chapter 13:1 – 14)
Paul gave his final warning to the Corinthians that those who sinned earlier would be facing harsh punishment when he came the third time. Paul forewarned them so that he would not need to exercise the authority the Lord gave him. (13:10)
“Examine yourselves to see whether you are in the faith; test yourselves.” (13:5) Paul was anxious that none of them should be deceived. What lesson would we learn from this verse?
God wants us to be perfect–not just good enough. Here are some questions we may test ourselves:
- De we love to think of God?
- Do we love to pray earnestly?
- Do we love to study the Word of God – the Bible?
- Do we love our brothers and sisters in Christ?( Our church?)
- Do we love to serve Christ and be a humble servant to others?
Second Corinthians closes with the benediction, which today brings to a close many a church service. See below:
“May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.” (13:4)
SUMMARY OF SECOND CORINTHIANS (CHAPTERS 1 – 13)
- Introduction – Paul’s apostleship was challenged. He stated the reason for writing this letter.
- God of all Comfort – the Father of Compassion.
- Paul changed his visiting plan.
- How to practise love towards others?
- Paul’s testimony of victory.
- The work of the living Spirit.
- Treasures in the jar of clay.
- The heavenly dwelling versus our living on earth.
- The ministry of reconciliation–be reconciled to God.
- To perfect holiness, we should work as God’s fellow workers.
- Do not be yoked with unbelievers.
- Paul’s joy and his confidence in the Corinthians.
- Paul’s encouragement for generosity in the grace of God.
- Titus and two anonymous brothers were sent to Corinth to help them to complete the collections of gifts.
- Service to the saints–the principles applicable to gifts are equally applicable to our offerings to God.
- Paul’s defense of his ministry–boasting according to the standard of measures that God has assigned the.
- Paul and the false apostles–comparing Paul’s godly teaching with the masquerade of the false apostles.
- Paul boasted his suffering for the gospel of Christ and accused the Corinthians who put up with the false apostles.
- Paul’s vision and revelations from the Lord in paradise. God did not remove the “thorn in the flesh” from Paul for a godly purpose. God’s grace was sufficient for him.
- Paul gave his final warning to the Corinthians who sinned earlier before he came to visit the third time. Then Paul would not need to exercise his authority as an apostle.
- Why Second Corinthians is the forth letter (not the second letter) as titled in the Bible?
- Under what circumstances was Paul in when he wrote this letter to the church of God in Corinth?
- Why and how did Paul defend his apostleship?
- When was the Second Corinthians written?
Chapter 1—The God of all Comfort
- What do we learn about God’s comfort from Paul’s experience?
- What is the secret by which we can receive comfort from God?
–Paul’s change of Plan
- Why did some believers question Paul’s integrity when he changed his plan to visit the Corinthians?
Chapter 2—The Practice of Love
- How would you share the joy or grief with others?
- What could it mean by “forgive and forget” in comforting and forgiving others.
–Paul’s Testimony of Victory
- “…To the one we are the smell of death, to the other, the fragrance of life”(2:16)
Explain the meaning behind the metaphors in here.
Chapter 3—The Work of the Living Spirit
- How can a Christian become competent as a minister of new covenant i.e., the New Testament?
- Can salvation be given to us by any means such as good deeds? Why?
Chapter 4—Treasures are in the Jars of Clay
- One could easily lose heart in preaching to the non-believers. What could be the cause of such failure?
- Why the Bible says,”…what is seen is temporary” as compared to “…what is unseen.”(4:18)
Chapter 5—Our Heavenly Dwelling
- How does living in this world compare with eternal life in heaven?
- How can a Christian be sure that he/she will have eternal life?
- How a Christian should live in this world because we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ?
Chapter 5—The Ministry of Reconciliation
- What do you understand that Jesus Christ who had no sin had been made to be sin for us?
- The Bible says that the ministry of reconciliation has been given to the true Christian. How would you react to this?
Chapter 6—Perfecting Holiness Out Of Reference For God
- What did Paul ask the Corinthians to do to perfect holiness?
- As God’s fellow workers, how would you deal with unbelievers?
Chapter 7—Paul’s Joy
- How did God comfort Paul when he was facing every difficulty in Macedonia?
- Why Paul said to the Corinthians, ”I am glad I can be complete confidence in you:?
Chapter 8—Service to Saints
- Discuss the principle to gifts that are equally applicable to our offering to God.
Chapter 10—Paul’s Defense of his Ministry
- Why “comparing ourselves among ourselves” is not wise and what is the biblical requirements?
Chapter 11—Paul and false Apostles
- Can you tell the difference of Paul’s teaching from the false apostles?
–Paul boasts about his sufferings
Chapter 12—Paul’s Vision and His Thorn
- God said to Paul, ”My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in the weakness.” What is the truth being emerged to believers?
–Paul’s concern for the Corinthians
- What was the main concern of Paul in the third visit?
Chapter 13—Final Warning
- What are some of the questions you may ask yourself to test whether you are in perfect faith in Christ?